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Cost-causation and Integration Cost Analysis for Variable Generation

Sources:

National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Authors:

Michael Milligan

Erik Ela

Bri-Mathias Hodge

Brendan Kirby

Debra Lew

Date:

1 June 2011

This report examines how wind and solar integration studies have evolved, what analysis techniques work, what common mistakes are still made, which improvements are likely to be made in the near future and why calculating integration costs is difficult and should be undertaken carefully, if at all.