Next Generation Biorefineries will Solve the Food, Biofuels, and Environmental Trilemma in the Energy–Food–Water Nexus
Energy Science and Engineering
2 April 2013
The goal of this opinion article is to clarify the future roles of biomass and biorefineries using quantitative data other than adjective words. In most scenarios, humans could have enough biomass resource from plant photosynthesis for meeting the three goals at the same time: feeding nine billion people, providing renewable materials, and producing transportation biofuels that could replace nearly all fossil fuel-based liquid fuels used in the land transportation in 2050.