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Water Consumption Related to Different Diets in Mediterranean Cities


Science of The Total Environment


D. Vanham

S. del Pozo

A.G. Pekcan

L. Keinan-Boker

A. Trichopoulou

B.M. Gawlik


15 December 2016

Providing the sustainable development goals (SDGs) water, food and energy security to cities relies strongly on resource use outside city borders. Many modern cities have recently invested in a sustainable urban water system, and score high in international city rankings regarding water management and direct urban water use. However, these rankings generally neglect external resource use for cities. This report quantifies the water resources related to food consumption in thirteen cities located in Mediterranean countries, by means of the water footprint (WF) concept.