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The Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus through the Lenses of the Value Chain and the Institutional Analysis and Development Frameworks


Water Alternatives


Sergio Villamayor-Tomas

Philipp Grundmann

Graham Epstein

Tom P. Evans

Christian Kimmich

A number of frameworks have been used to study the water-food-energy nexus without consideration of the role of institutions in mediating environmental outcomes. This report aims to start filling the gap by combining insights from the Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) framework and value chain analysis. Specifically food, energy and water value chains as networks of action situations (NAS) where actors’ decisions depend not only on the institutional structure of a particular situation but also on the decisions made in related situations.