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System Operation

Power systems are designed and operated to generate, transmit and distribute electrical energy. Optimizing electrical system operations is a complex and difficult task. This page provides resources on topics such as operating practices, renewable energy forecasting and system dispatching that can used to understand opportunities to modify system operations to better incorporate variable renewable energy sources and inform policy decisions.

Resources CESC

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Resources countries

Publication

A Review of Variable Generation Forecasting in the West

This report is based on a series of interviews with 13 operating entities in the Western Interconnection in the United…

Sources:

National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Exeter Associates

Inc.

Date:

1 March 2014

Publication

A Wind Power Forecasting System to Optimize Grid Integration

This wind power forecasting system includes high-resolution and ensemble modeling capabilities, data assimilation, now-casting and statistical post-processing technologies. The system…

Sources:

IEEE

Date:

1 October 2012

Publication

Achieving Universal Electricity Access in Indonesia

This report describes Indonesia’s electrification environment and identifies barriers to achieving universal electricity access. Principles drawn from international best practices…

Sources:

Asian Development Bank

Date:

1 March 2016

Publication

Adapting Market Design to High Shares of Variable Renewable Energy

The report analyses challenges and solutions, and it provides recommendations on how to adapt electricity market design to high shares…

Sources:

International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)

Date:

1 January 2017

Publication

Competitive Electricity Market Regulation in the United States: A Primer

The electricity system in the United States is a complex mechanism where different technologies, jurisdictions and regulatory designs interact. Today,…

Sources:

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

Date:

1 December 2016

Publication

Distributed Energy Resources and Management of Future Distribution

This study aims to identify approaches to interoperability and integration that can be used on a system-wide scale to help…

Sources:

Electric Power Research Institute

Date:

5 March 2010

Deployment Data

Publication

Distributed Power Generation in Europe: Technical Issues for Further Integration

This report addresses the key drivers and issues in the European power system, and it aims to investigate the developments…

Sources:

European Commission

Date:

1 January 2008

Publication

Ensuring a Secure, Reliable and Efficient Power System in a Changing Environment

The power system of Ireland is driving major changes that require a fundamental understanding of key challenges, including system frequency…

Sources:

EIRGRID

Date:

1 June 2011

Publication

Forecasting Wind and Solar Generation

This web page and the associated fact sheets—in English and Spanish—discuss the links between weather forecasts and photovoltaic (PV) output,…

Sources:

International Energy Agency

Date:

1 October 2013

Publication

Innovation Outlook: Offshore Wind

This report shows how policy and technological breakthroughs can advance the development of offshore wind energy technology. It aims to…

Sources:

International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)

Date:

1 November 2016

Publication

Innovation Outlook: Renewable Mini-grids

This report informs policymakers and other stakeholders in the energy sector about the technology developments in renewable mini-grids. It also…

Sources:

International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)

Date:

1 October 2016

Publication

Integrating Renewable Electricity on the Grid: A Report by the APS Panel on Public Affairs

This report focuses on wind and solar energy and the three principal issues associated with integrating wind and solar resources…

Sources:

American Physical Society

Date:

1 January 2011

Publication

Integrating Solar PV (Photovoltaics) in Utility System Operations: Analytical Framework and Arizona Case Study

The authors of this journal article propose a systematic framework to estimate the impact on operating costs that are due…

Sources:

Energy

Date:

1 June 2015

Publication

Integrating Variable Renewable Energy: Challenges and Solutions

This report explores renewable energy integration challenges and mitigation strategies that have been implemented in the United States and internationally…

Sources:

National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Date:

1 September 2013

Policy Data

Publication

Tools and Websites

Integration of Renewable Resources: Transmission and Operating Issues and Recommendations for Integrating Renewable Resources on the California Independent Service Operator (ISO)-Controlled Grid

This report addresses the transmission and operational impacts of interconnecting a major increase in the amount of renewable resources to…

Sources:

United States California Independent Service Operator

Date:

1 November 2007

Publication

Markets for Low Carbon, Low Cost Electricity Systems: Working Paper

This paper is part of Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) Energy Finance’s work-stream on market design and incorporates work already published…

Sources:

Climate Policy Initiative

Date:

1 September 2017

Publication

Metrics for Evaluating the Accuracy of Solar Power Forecasting

Forecasting solar energy generation is difficult due to the variety of solar power systems and weather regimes encountered. This report…

Sources:

National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Date:

1 October 2013

Training Materials

Operating High Variable, Renewable Generation Power Systems: Lessons Learned from Ireland and Northern Ireland

Panelists in this webinar review lessons learned from Ireland and Northern Ireland on operating power systems with high levels of…

Sources:

Clean Energy Solutions Center

EirGrid

Date:

16 September 2015