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Water Use

Water Use for Food

With agriculture being responsible for 70% of the global water withdrawals (“Water Scarcity and Agriculture”, The Water Project) and climate change affecting rainfall patterns, water management techniques in the agriculture and food industries are needed to reduce the water demands. Because 80% of the farm land is rainfed and contributes about 58% to the global food basket (Rainfed Agriculture: Unlocking the Potential, Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture Series, 2009), threats from water scarcity and climate change are serious problems, especially in developing countries. This section focuses on technologies and practices such as water and energy conserving irrigation techniques, treating water for crop production, low-energy water harvesting, rain catchment systems and analyzing the water footprint or virtual water in food products for discovering water and energy conserving opportunities.

Resources CESC

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Resources countries

Publication

Assessing the Feasibility of Using Produced Water for Irrigation in Colorado

This research explores which counties in Colorado may be best suited to reusing produced water for agriculture based on a…

Sources:

Science of the Total Environment

Date:

1 November 2018

Publication

Coupling Aquaculture with Forest Plantations for Food, Energy, and Water Resiliency

Coupling freshwater aquaculture and forest bioenergy markets can improve food, energy, and water resiliency by enhancing ecosystem services through fertilization,…

Sources:

Science of the Total Environment

Date:

15 November 2016

Publication

Energy use in Recirculating Aquaculture Systems (RAS): A Review

In aiming to achieve economic and environmentally sustainable production, a compromise has to be found between water use, waste discharge,…

Sources:

Aquacultural Engineering (Volume 81)

Date:

1 May 2018

Publication

Evaluation of CRP on Aquatic Agricultural Systems (AAS)

The CGIAR Research Program (CRP) on aquatic agricultural systems was designed to bring together the CGIAR’s strengths in agricultural research…

Sources:

CGIAR

Independent Evaluation Arrangement (IEA) of CGIAR

Date:

27 March 2018

Publication

Food Consumption and Waste in Spanish Households: Water Implications Within and Beyond National Borders

This paper focuses on assessing the water-related implications of food consumption and waste among Spanish consumers to discern possible policy…

Sources:

Ecological Indicators

Date:

1 June 2018

Tools and Websites

Grace Communications Foundation: Nexus Food, Water and Energy

This website examines the “nexus” of where food, water and energy systems intersect. It takes water (lots of it) to…

Sources:

Grace Communications Foundation

Publication

Linking the Water-Energy-Food Nexus and Sustainable Development Indicators for the Mediterranean Region

Water use and agricultural practices in the Mediterranean area are unsustainable, and they are being worsened by the increased frequency…

Sources:

Ecological Indicators

Date:

27 April 2018

Publication

Onsite Food Waste Processing as an Opportunity to Conserve Water in a Medical Facility Case Study, Abu Dhabi

This paper presents the case for soil and water conservation combined with waste recycling strategies in a desert type climate…

Sources:

Energy Procedia

Date:

1 March 2017

Publication

On The Waterfront

This report describes how USAID is partnering with Jordan to tackle issues arising from the water-energy-food security nexus.

Sources:

USAID

Date:

18 March 2014

Publication

Opportunities for Renewable Energy in the Australian Water Sector

This study has evaluated the opportunities, barriers and current trends for renewable energy use in order to identify priority areas…

Sources:

Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA)

Date:

1 November 2015

Publication

Optimal Crop Choice, Irrigation Allocation, and the Impact of Contract Farming

The changing climate and concerns over food security are prompting a new look at the supply chain reliability of products…

Sources:

Production and Operations Management

Date:

22 February 2013

Publication

Overcoming Food Security Challenges within an Energy/Water/Food Nexus (EWFN) Approach

Energy Water Food Nexus (EWFN) presents a valuable approach to achieving food security with a particular focus on sustainably balancing…

Sources:

Sustainability

Date:

21 January 2016

Publication

PV Water Pumping for Carbon Sequestration in Dry Land Agriculture

This paper is inspired by theory related to the water-food-energy-climate nexus and suggests a novel model, suited for analyzing carbon…

Sources:

Energy Procedia

Publication

Reusing Oil and Gas Produced Water for Irrigation of Food Crops in Drylands

Water scarcity affects drylands, threatening their food security, while the oil and gas industry produces significant and increasing volumes of…

Sources:

Agricultural Water Management

Date:

30 July 2018

Publication

Simulating County-Level Crop Yields in the Conterminous United States Using the Community Land Model: The Effects of Optimizing Irrigation and Fertilization

Representing agricultural systems explicitly in Earth system models is important for understanding the water-energy-food nexus under climate change.The study applied…

Sources:

Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems

Date:

19 December 2016

Publication

The Water-Energy-Food Nexus in Kazakhstan: Challenges and Opportunities

This study presents the key elements required to implement a nexus-based resource management approach in Kazakhstan, by identifying linkages between…

Sources:

Energy Procedia

Date:

1 September 2017

Publication

The Water-Energy-Food Nexus in East Asia: A Tele-connected Value Chain Analysis Using Inter-regional Input-output Analysis

In this article, the transnational interregional input-output approach is used in a tele-connected water-energy-food nexus analysis of the East Asia…

Sources:

Applied Energy

Date:

15 January 2018