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Trees for life: The Ecosystem Service Contribution of Trees to Food Production and Livelihoods in the Tropics


Forest Policy and Economics


James Reed

Josh van Vianena

Samson Foli

Jessica Clendenning

Kevin Yang

Margaret MacDonald

Gillian Petrokofsky

Christine Padoch

Terry Sunderland


15 January 2017

Despite expanding interest in ecosystem service research over the past three decades, in-depth understanding of the contribution of forests and trees to food production and livelihoods remains limited. This review synthesizes the current evidence base examining the contribution of forest and trees to agricultural production and livelihoods in the tropics, where production often occurs within complex land use mosaics that are increasingly subjected to concomitant climatic and anthropogenic pressures.